The most common treatments performed for single women are intrauterine insemination (IUI) using semen from a donor or in vitro fertilisation (IVF), egg and sperm donation or the donation of pre-embryos.
When finding a donor, the clinic can provide only non-identifiable information such as:
- a physical description of the donor (height, weight, eye and hair colour)
- the year and country of the donor’s birth
- the donor’s ethnicity
- whether the donor had any children at time of donation, how many and their gender
- the donor’s marital status
- the donor’s medical history
- a goodwill message from the donor to any potential children.
When the child turns 18, he or she can request the donor’s contact information. Before that, at 16, the child (or the parent on their behalf) can access the donor’s non-identifiable information.
Yes, the process will be the same as with an unknown donor. We recommend that you use a clinic licensed by the HFEA. Read more about the legal aspects on the HFEA website (http://www.hfea.gov.uk/patient-questions-parenthood-law.html)
A known donor will need to go through the same test and screening procedures as all other donors.
The woman who gives birth is always considered to be the child’s legal mother. This is the case, even if the treatment involved the use of donated eggs or embryos. The donor has no legal rights or responsibilities towards the baby.
At the age of 16 the child (or parent on their behalf) can access the donor’s non-identifiable information. When the child reaches 18 they may contact the donor if they wish, but this doesn’t change the legal status of the donor.
Donations used in a HEFA regulated clinic are strictly regulated and screened and tested (both the donor and the sperm) to reduce the risks associated with transmitting diseases. HFEA regulations also provide legal a clear legal position for all parties.
If you are thinking about having more than one baby and would like them to share the same biological father, please let us know in advance. Some donors put restrictions on the number of times their sperm can be used.